The Ming Great Wall(明城墙)
Some 35 kilometers of fortifications were ordered to be erected in the capital by Ming’s founder Zhu Yuanzhang between 1366 and 1393. Originally there were three walls in Nanjing history: one circling the city, one around the Imperial palace and one surrounding the Emperor’s hall. About a quarter of the outer City Walls still stand. Zhonghuamen (中华门) is a grand restored City Wall castle along the Qinhuai River. The stretch at Taicheng (台城) provides a contrasting perspective of Wuxuan Lake, the Wall, Jiming Temple and Nanjing’s rising skyline. Other Wall remains include Shitoucheng (石头城) and a section along Qinhuai River in Xiaguan District.
Xiaoling Tomb of Ming Dynasty(明孝陵)
The mausoleum of the founding emperor of Ming Dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang, and his wife Ma, is one of the largest imperial tomb complexes in China. The 1.7-square-kilometer sepulcher is set in an incredibly scenic environment where seasonal plants form breathtaking backdrops: plum blossom in spring, gingko and maple trees in autumn. The most iconic part of the 600-year-old tomb is the 800-metre Sacred Path. Four pairs of stone warriors and 12 pairs of beasts play guard to the deceased emperor. Most of the architecture has been rebuilt. The actual grave is said to lie behind the Ming Lou (the highest building) and is yet to be excavated.
The Confucius Temple(夫子庙)
Built as the site to worship the great Chinese thinker Confucius and to study his philosophy, the shrine known as Fuzi Miao, has been a local cultural centre since its establishment in 1034. This is one of the oldest structures in Nanjing history. Its authority peaked in the Ming Dynasty when it served as the imperial examination hall. The incense-filled temple was destroyed several times over its history. Nanjing's government revamped the 26,300 square-meter complex in 1984, which now contains a massive bronze Confucius statue, standing 4.18 meters high and weighing two and a half tons.
With its roots in the folk songs of the mid 14th century, Kunqu Opera was refined over a period of nearly 200 years to stand out prominently among all the schools of opera in China. Kunqu was listed as a "Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity" by UNESCO in 2001. Kunqu Opera is acknowledged as an elegant opera in terms of music, recitation, and the performers' movement. It is foremost acclaimed as "watermill song" because of its soft arias and the graceful movement of its performers. Carrying forward the tradition of ancient poetry and common speech, the art is also of very high literary value.
Chinese Kung Fu is a commonly used term for all the martial arts styles in China. It is a combination of different styles and techniques. Developing over centuries, Kung Fu well integrated with strength, elegance and philosophy. It becomes an important part of the traditional culture in China. Nowadays, Kung Fu is not just famous in china. It is also very popular throughout the world. Kung Fu now is one of the symbols of Chinese Culture. Here list you China's top ten hometowns of Chinese Kung Fu to let you know more about this famed traditional mysterious and fantastic world.
Tai Chi Chuan(太极)
Originating from the roots of classical Chinese culture, Tai Chi Chuan absorbed a variety of sources including the Book of Changes, Taoism and Buddhism. Taichi Chuan consists of a sequence of for involving every part of the body and executed in a highly stylized yet natural manner. You stand straight but not still. Your body is supple but not limp. Your movements are slow but steady, poised and powerful. After a period of exercising, you can train yourself to be physically as soft as an infant, as resilient as a twig in the wind, sensitive to the slightest pressure on any part of your body, and mentally alert.
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